What is the internet of things at nanoscale?
- Georgia Tech proposes the study of the terahertz band for nano-electromagnetic communication and provides a network architecture for nano devices.
- Nanoantennas are a new emerging technology that could help power wearables, smarten up buildings or keep lights on.
- In a whitepaper from IEEE Wireless Communications, Ian Akyildiz and Josep Jornet from the Georgia Institute of Technology explained that nano-nodes have limited memory, and can only transmit over very short distances, mainly because of their reduced energy and limited communication capabilities.
- September 26, 2016 0 Embedded systems: Meet the technology bringing ‘things’ into the IoT
- By Phillip Tracy on September 12, 2016 Big Data Analytics , Devices , Featured , Fundamentals , Internet of Things (IoT)
Nanoscale is enabling devices as small as one to a few hundred nanometers. It will expand apps of individual devices in terms of range of operation.
@Lightower: Nano #IoT is coming & bringing big changes with it!
What is the internet of nanoscale things?
Nanoscale technology is enabling the development of devices as small as one to a few hundred nanometers (10^-9 meters). To give a sense of scale, a strand of human DNA is roughly 2.5 nanometers in diameter. At this scale, a nanomachine is defined as the most basic functional unit and able to perform simple tasks such as sensing or actuation.
The U.S.’ National Nanotechnology Initiative requested $1.5 billion in federal funding in fiscal year 2016 and has been awarded over $22 billion since FY 2001.
Coordination and information sharing among several nanomachines will expand the potential applications of individual devices both in terms of complexity and range of operation, according to the Georgia Institute of Technology. The resulting nano-networks will be able to cover larger areas, and reach hard-to-reach locations. Moreover, the interconnection of nanoscale devices with classical networks and the internet defines a new networking paradigm, to which Georgia Institute of Technology refers to as the “internet of nano-things.”
Some potential applications include:
When it arrives, the internet of nanoscale things could provide much more detailed, inexpensive and up-to-date pictures of our cities, homes, factories – even our bodies. Today traffic lights, wearables or surveillance cameras are getting connected to the internet with billions of expected nanosensors harvesting huge amounts of real-time information and beaming it up to the cloud, according to Scientific American.
It is still not clear how nanomachines are going to communicate. Georgia Tech presents two main alternatives for communication in the nanoscale, namely molecular communication and nano-electromagnetic communication:
The unique properties observed in these materials will decide the specific bandwidth for emission of electromagnetic radiation, the time lag of the emission and the magnitude of the emitted power for a given input energy.
Georgia Tech proposes the study of the terahertz band for nano-electromagnetic communication and provides a network architecture for nano devices.
The use cases in these different environments shows that nanotechnology has the ability to create new applications in the biomedical, industrial and military fields as well as in consumer and industrial goods.
These are factors, according to Georgia Tech, that will increase demand for nano devices:
Here are the physical components required for the internet of nano things architecture:
Scientists have started shrinking sensors from millimeters or microns in size to the nanometer scale, small enough to circulate within living bodies and to mix directly into construction materials. There are five new developments that are helping enable the shrinking of sensors and collection of data from nano devices, according to Computer Business Review.
Carbon nanotubes are a nanotechnology constructed with a length-to-diameter ratio of up to 132,000,000:1.
Uses of the solution span from incorporation in portable electronics to help fighting cancer and creating artificial muscles.
Scientists have also developed a bleeding plastic with self-healing capabilities that could put an end to nearly anything getting broken, including cars, airplanes or everyday devices.
Nano-nodes are nanomachines with the capability to perform simple computation, but could be used in the future to make nearly every object and person connected to the internet.
In a whitepaper from IEEE Wireless Communications, Ian Akyildiz and Josep Jornet from the Georgia Institute of Technology explained that nano-nodes have limited memory, and can only transmit over very short distances, mainly because of their reduced energy and limited communication capabilities.
Nanoantennas are a new emerging technology that could help power wearables, smarten up buildings or keep lights on.