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Not all Devices are IoT or IIoT

Not all Devices are IoT or IIoT  via @Dan_eh2

  • The IoT/IIoT concept is a communication-based eco-system in which control devices, CCTV cameras and

    industrial sensors communicate via the Internet with cloud-based computer systems and data sources, and

    the result of this process is displayed on a computer screen, smartphone or used for optimal activation of a

    process.

  • Examples

    of IoT/IIoT include applications such as; remote operation of home appliances, medical devices, check on

    availability of a product in a store, warnings of unusual conditions and malfunctions and more.

  • Consequently, the IoT controller

    device communicates with cloud based data sources related to the following considerations:

    • Is there a report from the electric company on unusually high loading of the power grid at the

    neighborhood?

  • Following this requirement, the

    customer can start and IoT-based search using his smartphone:

    • In which food chain is this item available, and what is the ticket price

    • Which stores are active during the hours when the purchase is required

    • The outcome of that process shall be a list of options sent to the customer

    From the three examples listed above you may learn that the IoT/IIoT concept is applicable when it is

    impossible to perform a simple interaction between the requesting entity and the device which provides the

    service.

  • IoT/IIoT systems allow such interactive process through cloud-based data resources.

Introduction
Business opportunities created by Internet of Things (IoT) and the Industrial IoT (IIoT) are among the most
debated topics, as these are designe…

@DavidOro: Not all Devices are IoT or IIoT via @Dan_eh2

Introduction

Business opportunities created by Internet of Things (IoT) and the Industrial IoT (IIoT) are among the most

debated topics, as these are designed to function in a broad range of consumer and industrial applications.

Manufacturers of IoT components believe in this new trend, but many of them still not understand the essence

of the IoT concept. In reality, not every controlled device is an IoT nor IIoT.

The IoT/IIoT concept is a communication-based eco-system in which control devices, CCTV cameras and

industrial sensors communicate via the Internet with cloud-based computer systems and data sources, and

the result of this process is displayed on a computer screen, smartphone or used for optimal activation of a

process. Through an IoT/IIoT ecosystem you may boost productivity and achieve unique benefits. Examples

of IoT/IIoT include applications such as; remote operation of home appliances, medical devices, check on

availability of a product in a store, warnings of unusual conditions and malfunctions and more.

Leading market research firms already estimate that by 2020 there will be over 20 billion devices worldwide,

defined as part of IoT/IIoT systems. Although the forecasted number is growing every year, it is not clear

whether these figures correctly refer to what can be and what cannot be considered IoT or IIoT. It is strongly

recommended that decision factors such as outlined below shall be taken into consideration.

Devices not considered as IoT/IIoT

In reality not all devices can be accepted to the “IoT/IIoT Club”. Through the following three examples I will

try to clarify the main considerations referring to this topic.

a) You purchased a home air conditioner activated by a smartphone or a web based application. If the

packing label shows “Wi-Fi-Ready”, you can do that, but it will not necessarily make it an IoT, since remote

activation by itself is not a sufficient condition to call it an IoT.

b) You consider to add a vibration sensor to a large water pump or gas turbine to diagnose a malfunction.

This is not an IIoT, as the vibration sensor device is reporting to a special PLC and an ICS computer

which control the operation of that machinery and may stop it if a fault is detected.

c) You purchased a CCTV camera, which is connected to a home computer or a VCR for security

surveillance. This is also not an IoT, because 24/7 loop recording system does not require additional data

available from cloud based resources and not require cloud based computing.

Devices considered as IoT/IIoT

Here are three commercial, consumer oriented and industrial examples, that according to listed explanations

are considered appropriate for being considered as IoT/IIoT ecosystem.

a) Computerized control of a washing machine. The IoT ecosystem using the built-in controller which

support the decision related to optimal starting of the washing process. Consequently, the IoT controller

device communicates with cloud based data sources related to the following considerations:

• Is there a report from the electric company on unusually high loading of the power grid at the

neighborhood? If yes, the washing process is delayed.

• Is it forbidden to cause unusual noise in a residential area such as may be caused by the washing

machine? If yes, the washing process is delayed

• Is there sufficient amount of hot water from the sun-roof boiler as required for the washing? If not, the

activation is delayed until electric heating of the water is completed.

The operation of a solar power plant can be controlled by an IIoT process. After the power plant receives

a request to start supplying power, the IIoT ecosystem system checks the following conditions:

• Is the forecasted intensity of sun-rays during the next few hours adequate to generate the required

energy to the grid? If not, the power plant activation is canceled.

• Are there alternative electric power resources that are more suitable to generate electricity for the

requested period? If yes, the power plant activation is rejected.

• If there are no other alternatives, the solar power plant will be activated with limiting conditions, and

the power grid operator will be advised accordingly.

c) An order is received to purchase a certain type meat for home use. Following this requirement, the

customer can start and IoT-based search using his smartphone:

• In which food chain is this item available, and what is the ticket price

• Which stores are active during the hours when the purchase is required

• The outcome of that process shall be a list of options sent to the customer

From the three examples listed above you may learn that the IoT/IIoT concept is applicable when it is

impossible to perform a simple interaction between the requesting entity and the device which provides the

service. IoT/IIoT systems allow such interactive process through cloud-based data resources.

Is there a reason for concerns?

Definitely yes, because huge amounts of cheap IoT components without professional configuration and

without cyber security measures will flood the internet network and allow cyber-attacks from all directions and

for any purpose. Can ordinary home owners properly configure these devices, replace the default password

and detect DDoS-type security breach? Of course not, and that’s the problem.

Today, as a result of strong expectations towards IoT market, none wants to remember the early 2000’s and

the dot.com bubble. Then, well-known and professional companies invested billions of dollars in products

that did not provide benefits for which users were willing to pay. The benefits came only years later, and then

more resources were required to create new business models in order to recover their losses.

Summary

We all hope for huge IoT/IIoT deployments in the future, as this is good for users, vendors and also for

innovation. But…., anyone considering to develop a new IoT/IIoT ecosystem, shall focus on finding a real

need and properly design a cloud-data based solution that delivers significant benefits.

Cyber protection for any IT and ICS architecture consists of three essential elements that are achievable: a)

the use of security technologies, b) strict adherence to policies, and c) careful user behavior. This is also true

for IoT/IIoT ecosystems. Innovative technologies, components and architectures that will include cyber

protection as part of the IoT/IIoT ecosystem at no extra cost, will definitely drive the success.

Photo credit Martin Košáň via Flickr.

Not all Devices are IoT or IIoT